COMMON MISTAKES AND THE RIGHTS OF WOMEN: EMPOWERMENT, EQUALITY, AND PERSPECTIVES IN ISLAM
Throughout history, women’s rights have been the focus of intense discussion and advocacy. These rights cover a wide spectrum of social, political, and economic liberties that respect women’s intrinsic value and agency in society. On March 27, Muslims worldwide observe Muslim Women’s Day. The purpose of this essay is to examine women’s rights, with a focus on how they are viewed within Islam.
2- What constitutes women’s rights?
Women’s rights are defined as the legal, social, and economic privileges and rights that support gender equality and protect the security and independence of women. These liberties encompass, but are not limited to, the rights to political participation, education, and freedom. Justice, dignity, and fairness are fundamentally based on them.
3- Important Women’s Rights Ideas
- Men and women should have equal chances and rights in all areas of life, according to the gender equality principle. It promotes the abolition of gender-based discrimination and questions conventional gender norms and stereotypes.
- Women’s empowerment means providing them with the information, tools, and resources they need to make educated decisions and actively engage in social, economic, and political life. It seeks to increase their autonomy, sense of worth, and command over their own lives.
- Education: A key element of women’s rights is education. Women who have access to high-quality education can advance their cognitive abilities, learn new things, and improve their economic chances. Additionally, it promotes gender equality and opposes negative behaviors like child marriage and abuse of women.
- Healthcare Access: Women are entitled to low-cost healthcare treatments throughout their lives. This covers maternal care, reproductive health services, and tackling particular health issues like breast and cervical cancer.
4-Women’s Rights in Islam
Islam, being a significant international religion, has its own ideas and laws pertaining to women’s rights. Throughout history, there have been a variety of views and viewpoints on the subject of women’s rights in Islam. Women have been given many rights and obligations in several facets of life, such as inheritance, property, marriage, divorce, education, worship, and social justice, according to the fundamental sources of Islam, the Quran, and the hadith literature. These lessons consist of:
- Islam recognizes the inherent worth and dignity of every human being, regardless of gender. The Quran highlights the equal value and worth of both sexes and upholds the spiritual equality of men and women
- Islam supports both men and women in their pursuit of education and knowledge. The Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) emphasized the value of education, and countless female scholars have made significant contributions to a variety of academic subjects throughout Islamic history. the legal right to instruction and learning in all professions and at all levels. Women have the right to pursue knowledge, follow intellectual passions, and promote society through the arts, sciences, and culture. In Islamic history, women have played important roles as scholars, teachers, poets, jurists, monarchs, activists, and more.
- Islamic teachings place a strong emphasis on the value of respect, love, and kindness in marriage and family relationships. the freedom and consent to marry without being forced or coerced by anyone. Women have the right to say “yes” or “no” to marriage offers, to include clauses in their marriage contracts, to receive a marital gift from their husbands (mahr), and to retain their maiden names after marriage. if they feel mistreated or dissatisfied in their marriages, they have the right to divorce their husbands. Women have the right to start a divorce in a variety of ways, including through khula (in which they pay their spouse the mahr or another form of remuneration), talaq (in which they request their husbands divorce them), or court intervention. when they ask a judge or other authority for assistance. After a divorce, women also have the right to custody of their young children, barring remarriage or being found unsuitable.
- Economic Rights: Islam upholds and recognizes women’s economic rights. Women are entitled to own and manage property, own businesses, engage in commerce, and maintain their financial independence. the right to inherit from their kin in accordance with a predetermined share set down in the Quran. For instance, a daughter receives half of a son’s share, a wife receives an eighth or a fourth of her husband’s estate, and a mother receives a sixth or a third of a child’s estate. autonomous ownership of assets and income from their husbands or male guardians. Women have the right to retain their current and future assets and income for themselves.safety and advantage. Unless they willingly decide to do so, they are not obligated to utilize any of their riches to pay for household or family expenses.
- Participation in Law and Politics: Islam encourages women to take an active role in the legal and political systems. Women have the right to express their ideas, take part in decision-making, and use the legal system to seek redress. the freedom to practice their religion as they see fit and to worship God as they see fit. Women have the right to enter mosques and other places of worship, to engage in religious practices such as prayer and ritual, to recite and study religious texts such as the Quran, to take part in religious activities and events, and to seek out spiritual leadership. Unless they are exempted for legitimate reasons, women must perform the same religious obligations as men, such as fasting, almsgiving, pilgrimage, etc.
5- Women’s rights in Islam are misunderstood.
These are a few of the fundamental liberties granted to women by Islam since its origin. However, some Muslim individuals or groups who may adhere to other interpretations or traditions that are in opposition to the essence of Islam fail to constantly acknowledge or uphold these rights. As a result, both Muslims and non-Muslims should become more knowledgeable about the true origins of Islam as well as the many perspectives held by Muslim women and intellectuals. Women’s rights in Islam are frequently misunderstood for a number of reasons. To promote a more accurate understanding, it is crucial to dispel these myths. Listed below are a few typical misunderstandings:
- The idea that Islam automatically oppresses women and encourages their enslavement is a common misunderstanding. But it’s important to distinguish between patriarchal interpretations, cultural customs, and Islam’s genuine teachings. Islamic doctrine places a strong emphasis on the equality and dignity of women, providing them with rights and safeguards within the confines of the faith.
- Forced Marriage: The idea that Islam supports forced marriages is another myth. In some Muslim-majority areas, forced marriages are a cultural norm; however, Islamic teachings do not accept or justify them. Islam emphasizes the importance of the parties’ individual freedom of choice and demands the consent of both parties in a marriage.
- Education: It’s commonly believed that Islam prohibits women from pursuing higher education. Islam, on the other hand, encourages men and women of all sexes to pursue knowledge. There have been many instances of female scholars and educators throughout Islamic history, and the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) highlighted the value of education and acquiring knowledge.
- law Inferiority: Some fallacies result from an incorrect understanding of Islamic law doctrines. Islamic law upholds the idea that men and women have equal worth and dignity, despite the fact that there are disparities in particular legal settings. Women have the right to look for justice, take part in court procedures, and be heard.
- Restrictive Wear Code: The hijab, or modest wear, is frequently misinterpreted as an oppressive symbol. Muslim women, however, are free to decide whether or not to wear the hijab as a matter of personal and religious conscience. The hijab is regarded as a modest and religious statement.
- Islam does not restrict women’s roles to the home or private life. Muslim women have historically participated actively in a variety of societal spheres, such as politics, business, education, and social action. Islamic teachings encourage women to use their abilities and talents to benefit their communities.
- Women in Islam are not permitted to get a divorce: Many people think that Muslim women are not permitted to get a divorce from their husbands. That’s not accurate. As stated in the Quran, “there is no blame on either of them if they came to terms with mutual consent and agreement (2:29-231)”14. Muslim women have the option to start divorce proceedings for a number of reasons, including cruelty, neglect, infidelity, impotence, etc. They can also request khula, which is a divorce, by giving the dowry back to the husband.
- Islam’s belief that women are less valuable than men is erroneous and goes against both the Quran and the Prophet Muhammad’s (peace be upon him) Sunnah (traditions). Islam holds that both genders are equal in worth and dignity because they are both products of the same soul. “O mankind!” the Qur’an exclaims. We divided you into nations and tribes so that you may get to know one another rather than hate one another after creating you from a single (pair) of a male and a female. The most upright of you are, in fact, the ones who are most revered by Allah (49:13). The best of you are those who are kind, according to the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him)their women the very best. Islam recognizes that both genders have complementary roles and duties in society rather than putting any gender in a superior or inferior position.
Women’s rights are essential to the development, welfare, and prosperity of any society. They include values like equity, self-determination, access to education, and healthcare. Islamic law and the teachings of the Qur’an as well as the examples given by the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) serve as the foundation for women’s rights. To create a more equal and just world, it is crucial to comprehend women’s rights in all cultural and religious settings and to actively promote them. Women’s rights in Islam should be approached with an open mind, as different societal settings, individual interpretations, and cultural practices may have an impact on how these rights are actually implemented. We may clear up misunderstandings and encourage a more open dialogue by participating in educated and nuanced debates correct comprehension of women’s rights within the context of Islam.